`{"id":"f4ef1077-9071-4d82-bf55-64c8a3f461d2","name":"All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree","description":"1. Given a Binary Tree, return list of all single child parent of binary tree\r\n2. For more Information watch given video link below.\r\n","inputFormat":"Input is managed for you.\r\n","outputFormat":"Output is managed for you. \r\n","constraints":"0 &lt;= Number of Nodes &lt;= 10^5\r\n-1000 &lt;= value of Node data &lt;= 1000\r\n","sampleCode":{"cpp":{"code":"#include <iostream>\r\n#include <vector>\r\n#include <queue>\r\nusing namespace std;\r\n\r\nclass TreeNode\r\n{\r\npublic:\r\n int val = 0;\r\n TreeNode* left = nullptr;\r\n TreeNode* right = nullptr;\r\n\r\n TreeNode(int val)\r\n {\r\n this->val = val;\r\n }\r\n};\r\n\r\nvector<int> exactlyOneChild(TreeNode* root)\r\n{\r\n vector<int> ans;\r\n return ans;\r\n}\r\n\r\n// input_section=================================================\r\n\r\nTreeNode* createTree(vector<int>& arr, vector<int>& IDX)\r\n{\r\n\r\n if (IDX > arr.size() || arr[IDX] == -1)\r\n {\r\n IDX++;\r\n return nullptr;\r\n }\r\n\r\n TreeNode* node = new TreeNode(arr[IDX++]);\r\n node->left = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n node->right = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n return node;\r\n}\r\n\r\nvoid solve()\r\n{\r\n int n;\r\n cin >> n;\r\n vector<int> arr(n, 0);\r\n for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)\r\n {\r\n cin >> arr[i];\r\n }\r\n\r\n vector<int> IDX(1, 0);\r\n TreeNode* root = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n vector<int> ans = exactlyOneChild(root);\r\n if (ans.size() == 0)\r\n cout << endl;\r\n for (int i : ans)\r\n {\r\n cout << i << \" \";\r\n }\r\n}\r\n\r\nint main()\r\n{\r\n solve();\r\n return 0;\r\n}"},"java":{"code":"import java.util.*;\r\n\r\npublic class Main {\r\n public static Scanner scn = new Scanner(System.in);\r\n\r\n public static class TreeNode {\r\n int val = 0;\r\n TreeNode left = null;\r\n TreeNode right = null;\r\n\r\n TreeNode(int val) {\r\n this.val = val;\r\n }\r\n }\r\n\r\n public static ArrayList<Integer> exactlyOneChild(TreeNode root) {\r\n ArrayList<Integer> ans = new ArrayList<>();\r\n return ans;\r\n }\r\n\r\n // input_section=================================================\r\n\r\n public static TreeNode createTree(int[] arr, int[] IDX) {\r\n if (IDX > arr.length || arr[IDX] == -1) {\r\n IDX++;\r\n return null;\r\n }\r\n TreeNode Treenode = new TreeNode(arr[IDX++]);\r\n Treenode.left = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n Treenode.right = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n return Treenode;\r\n }\r\n\r\n public static void solve() {\r\n int n = scn.nextInt();\r\n int[] arr = new int[n];\r\n for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)\r\n arr[i] = scn.nextInt();\r\n\r\n int[] IDX = new int;\r\n TreeNode root = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n ArrayList<Integer> ans = exactlyOneChild(root);\r\n if (ans.size() == 0)\r\n System.out.println();\r\n for (Integer ele : ans)\r\n System.out.print(ele + \" \");\r\n }\r\n\r\n public static void main(String[] args) {\r\n solve();\r\n }\r\n}"},"python":{"code":""}},"points":10,"difficulty":"easy","sampleInput":"15\r\n4\r\n2\r\n1\r\n-1\r\n-1\r\n3\r\n-1\r\n-1\r\n6\r\n5\r\n-1\r\n-1\r\n7\r\n-1\r\n-1","sampleOutput":"","questionVideo":"","hints":[],"associated":[],"solutionSeen":false,"tags":[],"meta":{"path":[{"id":0,"name":"home"},{"id":"0c54b191-7b99-4f2c-acb3-e7f2ec748b2a","name":"Data Structures and Algorithms","slug":"data-structures-and-algorithms","type":0},{"id":"2e9df04c-be14-441c-9a18-8b5a8ca6596d","name":"Trees For Intermediate","slug":"trees-for-intermediate-9994","type":0},{"id":"109c9f70-d732-4371-ba89-c38b4d5666df","name":"All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree","slug":"all-single-child-parent-in-binary-tree","type":1}],"next":{"id":"80cccfe6-c6a5-4a50-9136-19df10f9654c","name":"All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree","type":3,"slug":"all-single-child-parent-in-binary-tree"},"prev":{"id":"a893ede6-7ce5-4e98-8285-6ecf508920b7","name":"Node To Root Path Binary Tree","type":0,"slug":"node-to-root-path-binary-tree"}}}`

# All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree

1. Given a Binary Tree, return list of all single child parent of binary tree 2. For more Information watch given video link below.

`{"id":"f4ef1077-9071-4d82-bf55-64c8a3f461d2","name":"All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree","description":"1. Given a Binary Tree, return list of all single child parent of binary tree\r\n2. For more Information watch given video link below.\r\n","inputFormat":"Input is managed for you.\r\n","outputFormat":"Output is managed for you. \r\n","constraints":"0 &lt;= Number of Nodes &lt;= 10^5\r\n-1000 &lt;= value of Node data &lt;= 1000\r\n","sampleCode":{"cpp":{"code":"#include <iostream>\r\n#include <vector>\r\n#include <queue>\r\nusing namespace std;\r\n\r\nclass TreeNode\r\n{\r\npublic:\r\n int val = 0;\r\n TreeNode* left = nullptr;\r\n TreeNode* right = nullptr;\r\n\r\n TreeNode(int val)\r\n {\r\n this->val = val;\r\n }\r\n};\r\n\r\nvector<int> exactlyOneChild(TreeNode* root)\r\n{\r\n vector<int> ans;\r\n return ans;\r\n}\r\n\r\n// input_section=================================================\r\n\r\nTreeNode* createTree(vector<int>& arr, vector<int>& IDX)\r\n{\r\n\r\n if (IDX > arr.size() || arr[IDX] == -1)\r\n {\r\n IDX++;\r\n return nullptr;\r\n }\r\n\r\n TreeNode* node = new TreeNode(arr[IDX++]);\r\n node->left = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n node->right = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n return node;\r\n}\r\n\r\nvoid solve()\r\n{\r\n int n;\r\n cin >> n;\r\n vector<int> arr(n, 0);\r\n for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)\r\n {\r\n cin >> arr[i];\r\n }\r\n\r\n vector<int> IDX(1, 0);\r\n TreeNode* root = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n vector<int> ans = exactlyOneChild(root);\r\n if (ans.size() == 0)\r\n cout << endl;\r\n for (int i : ans)\r\n {\r\n cout << i << \" \";\r\n }\r\n}\r\n\r\nint main()\r\n{\r\n solve();\r\n return 0;\r\n}"},"java":{"code":"import java.util.*;\r\n\r\npublic class Main {\r\n public static Scanner scn = new Scanner(System.in);\r\n\r\n public static class TreeNode {\r\n int val = 0;\r\n TreeNode left = null;\r\n TreeNode right = null;\r\n\r\n TreeNode(int val) {\r\n this.val = val;\r\n }\r\n }\r\n\r\n public static ArrayList<Integer> exactlyOneChild(TreeNode root) {\r\n ArrayList<Integer> ans = new ArrayList<>();\r\n return ans;\r\n }\r\n\r\n // input_section=================================================\r\n\r\n public static TreeNode createTree(int[] arr, int[] IDX) {\r\n if (IDX > arr.length || arr[IDX] == -1) {\r\n IDX++;\r\n return null;\r\n }\r\n TreeNode Treenode = new TreeNode(arr[IDX++]);\r\n Treenode.left = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n Treenode.right = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n return Treenode;\r\n }\r\n\r\n public static void solve() {\r\n int n = scn.nextInt();\r\n int[] arr = new int[n];\r\n for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)\r\n arr[i] = scn.nextInt();\r\n\r\n int[] IDX = new int;\r\n TreeNode root = createTree(arr, IDX);\r\n\r\n ArrayList<Integer> ans = exactlyOneChild(root);\r\n if (ans.size() == 0)\r\n System.out.println();\r\n for (Integer ele : ans)\r\n System.out.print(ele + \" \");\r\n }\r\n\r\n public static void main(String[] args) {\r\n solve();\r\n }\r\n}"},"python":{"code":""}},"points":10,"difficulty":"easy","sampleInput":"15\r\n4\r\n2\r\n1\r\n-1\r\n-1\r\n3\r\n-1\r\n-1\r\n6\r\n5\r\n-1\r\n-1\r\n7\r\n-1\r\n-1","sampleOutput":"","questionVideo":"","hints":[],"associated":[],"solutionSeen":false,"tags":[],"meta":{"path":[{"id":0,"name":"home"},{"id":"0c54b191-7b99-4f2c-acb3-e7f2ec748b2a","name":"Data Structures and Algorithms","slug":"data-structures-and-algorithms","type":0},{"id":"2e9df04c-be14-441c-9a18-8b5a8ca6596d","name":"Trees For Intermediate","slug":"trees-for-intermediate-9994","type":0},{"id":"109c9f70-d732-4371-ba89-c38b4d5666df","name":"All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree","slug":"all-single-child-parent-in-binary-tree","type":1}],"next":{"id":"80cccfe6-c6a5-4a50-9136-19df10f9654c","name":"All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree","type":3,"slug":"all-single-child-parent-in-binary-tree"},"prev":{"id":"a893ede6-7ce5-4e98-8285-6ecf508920b7","name":"Node To Root Path Binary Tree","type":0,"slug":"node-to-root-path-binary-tree"}}}` Editor

# All Single Child Parent In Binary Tree

easy

1. Given a Binary Tree, return list of all single child parent of binary tree 2. For more Information watch given video link below.

## Constraints

0 <= Number of Nodes <= 10^5 -1000 <= value of Node data <= 1000

## Format

### Input

Input is managed for you.

### Output

Output is managed for you.

## Example

Sample Input

```.css-23h8hz{color:inherit;font-size:0.875rem;line-height:1.125rem;letter-spacing:0.016rem;font-weight:var(--chakra-fontWeights-normal);white-space:pre-wrap;}15 4 2 1 -1 -1 3 -1 -1 6 5 -1 -1 7 -1 -1```

### Sample Output

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